Mexico’s Criminal Law Reform

Top five Changes in Mexico’s Criminal Law Reform  

Mexico’s Criminal Law Reform in a Nutshell

On February 19th, 2021 Mexico’s Criminal Law Reform was been published. Mexico’s General Constitution and relevant federal laws, including its National Criminal Procedure Code and Criminal Code have been reformed.

Some of the highlights of Mexico’s Criminal Law Reform are some changes in articles 108 and 111 of the Federal Constitution, particularly in the sense that “any citizen” could face charges of serious criminal offences like treason, corruption, electoral crimes, etc. This change is relevant because the president in office, and also former presidents, could be subjects of criminal proceedings and eliminating presidential immunity.

Also, Mexico´s Criminal Law Reform includes a new catalog of federal offences with mandatory pre-trial detention, new criteria about organized crime offences and some environmental offences are now considered as serious offences with no bail and larger jailtime.

Following is a list of the top five changes in Criminal Law Reform:

  1. Presidential immunity is eliminated, from now on any citizen” could face charges of serious criminal offences like treason, corruption, electoral crimes, etc.
  • Changes in the National Criminal Procedure Code extending the catalog of serious offences with mandatory pre-trail detention, including electoral offences, environmental offences, forced disappearance of persons, etc.
  • Access to get bail if the damage has been repair, this includes offences with mandatory pre-trial detention.
  • Stronger penalties for firearms and guns related offences
  • New catalog of offences that could be considered as organized crime, including some environmental offences, firearms and gun offences, etc.

Mexico’s Criminal Law Reforms relevant because the presidential immunity is eliminated; therefore, the president in office and former presidents could be subjects of criminal proceedings. Now Mexico has a new catalog of serious offences with mandatory pre-trail detention, including electoral offences, environmental offences, forced disappearance of persons, etc. and serious penalties to offences related to firearms and guns related offences.